The Scientific Principles of Islamic Psychology

  • Bagus Riyono
Keywords: integrated psychology, islamic psychology, science, scientific principles


The purpose of this article is to argue about how to define Islamic psychology based on the fundamental concepts of Islam and science, since the development of Islamic Psychology is driven by the spirit of Islamization of knowledge. Therefore, this article will also discuss about the goal of Islamic Psychology, its scopes, and its focus, which will lead our efforts in developing Islamic Psychology as a science. The last part of this article will explore the possible methods, with the example of their research designs, for further studies in Islamic Psychology. This article offers some basic principles in developing Islamic Psychology as a knowledge for all human beings, regardless of their religion or race.


Al-Qur'an dan Terjemahannya. (1995). Yogyakarta: Universitas Islam Indonesia.

Anggarasari, R.E. (1997). Hubungan Tingkat Religiusitas dengan Sikap Konsumtif pada Ibu Rumah Tangga. Psikologika, 2(4), 15-20.

Arroisi, Jarman., & Rahmadi, M. Alif. (2022). Theory of Mind in Ghazali and Ibn Qayyim Al Jauzi Perspective (Analysis Model on Islamic Psychology). International Journal of Islamic Psychology, 5(1), 8-22

Auda, Jasser. (2008). Maqasid al-Shariah: A Beginner’s Guide. International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)

Auda, J. (2021). Re-envisioning islamic scholarship: Maqasid methodology as a new approach. Claritas Books.

Bastaman, H.D. (1995). lntegrasi Psikologi dengan Islam. Yogyakarta: Yayasan lnsan Kamil & Pustaka Pelajar.

Ghobary Bonab, B., Miner, M., & Proctor, M. T. (2013). Attachment to God in Islamic spirituality. Journal of Muslim Mental Health, 7(2).

lnsan Kamil Foundation. (1998). Islamic Psychology Newsletter, 1(1).

Kuhn, T.S. (1970). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. International Encyclppedia of Unified Science, 2(2).

Mahmood, M. K., & Noori, A. H. (2021). Traces of Two Modern Psychological Concepts in the Works of Said Nursi: Hyper-Intention and Paradoxical Intention. International Journal of Islamic Psychology, 4(1), 34-39

Nashori, F. (1998). Orientasi Keagamaan Mahasiswi Muslim Berjilbab dan Mahasiswi Muslim Tidak Berjilbab. Psikologika, 3(5), 27-37.

Rahayu, H.P. (1997). Hubungan Tingkat Religiusitas dengan Perilaku Coping Stress. Psikologika, 2(4), 61-68.

Rassool, G, Hussein. (2022). A Critique of Islamic Liberation Psychology. International Journal of Islamic Psychology, 5(1), 1-7

Riyono, B. & Budiharto, S. (2022). Freedom-Responsibility, Uncertainty-Hope, Vulnerability-Humility as Important Aspects of Human “Fitrah” and the Foundation of Mental Health: A Study with Quranic “Maqasid” Methodology [Manuscript submitted for publication]. Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Rothman, A., & Coyle, A. (2018). Toward a framework for Islamic psychology and psychotherapy: An Islamic model of the soul. Journal of religion and health, 57(5), 1731-1744.

Whitley, B.E. (2002). Principles of Research in Behavioral Science. 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill.

Widjanarko, M. (1997). Hubungan Sikap Religius dengan Rasa Bersalah pada Remaja Akhir yang Beragama Islam. Psikologika, 1, (3), 47-50