Theory of Mind on Ghazali and Ibn Qayyim Al Jauzi Perspective (Analysis Model on Islamic Psychology)

  • Jarman Arroisi Universitas Darussalam Gontor
  • Muhammad Ali Rahmadi Universitas Darussalam Gontor
Keywords: Mind, Islamic Psychology, Mental Health, Spiritual Organs


The concept of mind was the main issue of philosophical debates on human psychology. In Islamic Psychology, this concept has been discussed long ago by prominent scholars in Islam, both are explained well by Imam al-Ghazali and Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyyah. This study uses library research with content analysis methods. Hence, this study produces various fundamental ideas. According to Imam al-Ghazali, the human mind has a very influential role in the dynamic movement of human psychology because the mind is a power of knowledge that determines the quality of life. The human mind is called ‘aql, it has a holistic dimension and is interrelated with other spiritual organs. These spiritual organs are called the heart (qalb), spirit (ruh), and soul (nafs). The balance of mind at work affects the mental health that wanted to be achieved. Meanwhile, Ibn Qayyim al-Jauziyyah explained that the human mind is a gift given to humans as a guide for life. If this gift is not used correctly, humans will lose their identity and overlook many problems. The dimensions of thinking according to Ibn Qayyim are tafakkur, tadabbur, and ta'aqqul as contemplative efforts in shaping mental health. This methods of thinking can enrich the discourse of Islamic cognitive Psychology whereas sharpening cognitive flexibility of human mind is the fundamental way to recognize the existence of God and close to Him. In this way, both of them contribute scientifically with quite strategic exertions, combining the dynamics of the mind holistically to shape human health and well-being.


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