Islamic Work Ethics and Locus of Control in Facing Pandemic COVID-19

  • Shamila Abu Hasan MasterShiro Global Academy (MSGA) Sdn. Bhd.
  • Syaidatun Nazirah Abu Zahrin Center of Liberal Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Rozainee Khairudin Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Khairul Anwar Mastor Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
  • Mohamad Zaki Samsudin UOW Malaysia KDU
Keywords: COVID-19, Islamic psychology, Islamic Work Ethics, Locus of Control, pandemic


COVID-19 pandemic has been a challenging time for most people. The new norm facing workers all around the world has affected their daily lives and ways of life. Islamic work ethics and locus of control are seen to be important aspects. This is true especially when unethical ways of life, such as bribery, plagiarism, and others are prevalent. The growing number of unethical doings are due to financial problems, depression, carelessness, and other reasons due to the impact of the pandemic. This review studies outline literature dated between 1966-2023 on how Islamic Work Ethics (IWE) and Locus of Control (LOC) could be beneficial in suggesting ways to improve workers’ performance during the pandemic. IWE consists of spirituality in work place, effective management, economic development, transparency and sincerity. While LOC consists of the internal (depends on oneself), external (outside forces: fate, chance or luck) and God locus of control. IWE has positive and significant relationships with various variables in organizational behaviour have been proven in a number of recent studies, while LOC has been found to be positively related to job performance This study contributes to the field of organizational psychology and Islamic psychology.


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